Glossary of Poultry words and terms:
This is I hope a comprehensive alphabetical list of the terms and slang of poultry and chicken keeping. If I have missed anything or you have any local or slang poultry terms you would like to see included please let me know.
ABA - American Bantam Association.
Abdomen - area between the keel and the pubic or hip bones.
Abdominal cavity – the internal cavity of the poultry that contains the majority of the internal organs.
Abdominal capacity - the evaluation of a hen giving an indication of the state of egg production. Determined by using the hand to estimate the distance between the ends of the pubic bones and between the tips of the pubic bones and the end of the keel. Also an assessment by a judge at a poultry show.
Acclimatization - long-term physiological adaptation resulting in increased tolerance to repeated or continuous exposure to multiple climatic stressors, usually under natural conditions.
Acute - a condition that is relatively short and severe, but not chronic.
Adaptation - physiological, behavioural, genetic or other changes that favour the welfare, survival and reproduction of an animal in a particular environment.
Additive - a substance added to the diet that is not a natural nutritive ingredient. Could include medications, pigments, flavourings, enzymes, prebiotics or probiotics.
Additive gene - a gene which has greater expression in the homozygous state than in the heterozygous state or which influences degree rather than kind of expression.
Adjuvant - additive to vaccine to enhance its effectiveness.
Air cell - the air space between the two shell membranes, usually at the large end of the egg unless it has becomes detached during shipping or rough handling.
Aetiology - causes of a disease.
Albumen - the white of the egg, which is actually clear and only goes white when cooked. The albumen is built up in layers in the oviduct and is mostly protein and water. It is the albumen that becomes the chick during incubation.
Alektorophobia - the fear of chickens, or sometimes it’s not the bird but the flapping of wings. (Also Ornithophobia – fear of birds).